Carbon black is virtually pure elemental carbon in the form of colloidal particles that are produced by incomplete combustion or thermal decomposition of gaseous or liquid hydrocarbons under controlled conditions and is composed of fine particles consisting mainly of carbon.
Carbon black is classified by manufacturing process.
Furnace black process is currently the most common method used for manufacturing carbon black for various applications from rubber reinforcement to coloring.
A large amount of carbon black is used mainly in tires as excellent rubber reinforcement.
although , because of its unique properties , the uses of carbon black have expanded to include another products, including : industrial rubber products , plastics , and printing inks.